Strengthened the CIDMEWS will result in adequate:
Different regions require different weather information. SLMD will produce various forecasts and early warning products. They include historical and past climate records, real-time and near-real-time weather information, now casting for airport services, short-range weather forecasts, medium-range weather, long-range weather forecasts, and climate predictions. SLMD will also provide climate change information and severe weather advisories. This information helps in identifying suitable activities for specific areas and period to reduce weather related risks.
New techniques are emerging as technology evolves. It is very difficult to provide location specific forecasts. SLMD lacks modern facilities for data analysis and integration of products necessary to overlay various products for realization of more accurate forecasts. There is a need to improve and refine the weather models used and enhance the capacity in numerical weather prediction and dynamical modelling as well as the remote-sensing techniques. Ultimately, SLMD should acquire modern facilities for data analysis and information presentation.
We understand that:
- Development and sustainability of the CIDMEWS requires political commitment and dedicated investments;
- Early warning systems must be an integral part of all levels of the government’s (national and local) disaster risk management plans and budgets;
- Legislation must explicitly define roles and responsibilities of various authorities and agencies;
- Implementation of the CIDMEWS warning systems requires a clear concept of operations and standard operating procedures, enabling effective coordination among agencies across the components of early warning systems, at national and local levels (horizontally and vertically), and;
- Systematic feedback and evaluation at all levels are needed with established mechanisms to communication of Early Warning Information
An effective early warning system needs an effective communication system. Early warning communication systems have two main components:
- Communication infrastructure hardware that must be reliable and robust, especially during the disaster; and
- Appropriate and effective interactions among the main actors of the early warning process, such as the scientific community, stakeholders, decision makers, the public, and the media.
Redundancy of communication systems is essential for disaster management, while emergency power supplies and back-up systems are critical in order to avoid the collapse of communication systems after disasters occur. In addition, to ensure the communication systems operate reliably and effectively during and after a disaster occurs, and to avoid network congestion, frequencies and channels must be reserved and dedicated to disaster relief operations.
Many communication tools are currently available for warning dissemination, such as Short Message Service (SMS) (cellular phone text messaging), email, radio, and TV and web service. Information and communication technology (ICT) is a key element in early warning, which plays an important role in disaster communication and disseminating information to organizations in charge of responding to warnings and to the public during and after a disaster.